Revascularization surgery is well established and widely practiced, and focuses on the circulatory system -- heart, arteries and veins. The purpose is to restore blood flow to the heart using the bilateral internal mammary artery from the chest and the radial artery from the arm. In recent years, however, cardiac-related revascularization procedures have become even more common in the United States due to the growing number of people who have coronary artery disease.
Full arterial revascularization means using arterial bypass grafts, rather than veins taken from the leg, exclusively for supplying the heart during a bypass operation. The left and right internal thoracic artery and the left and right radial artery can be used as arterial graft.