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How are movement disorders treated?

Treatment for movement disorders depends on the underlying cause. In most cases, the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Treatment may include:

  • Medication(s)
  • Botulinum toxin injection therapy (BOTOX therapy)
  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Other surgeries or procedures

Medications that may be used include the following:

  • Antiepileptics (e.g., carbamazepine [Tegretol], valproate [Depakote])
  • Antiseizure medications (e.g., primidone [Mysoline], gabapentin [Neurontin])
  • Beta-blockers (e.g., propranolol [Inderal])
  • Dopamine agonists (e.g., bromocriptine [Parlodel], pergolide [Permax])
  • Tranquilizers (benzodiazepines such as diazepam [Valium] and clonazepam [Klonopin])

Botulinum toxin injection therapy (BOTOX therapy) is used to treat some types of movement disorders (e.g., spasmodic torticollis, blepharospasm, myoclonus, tremor). In this treatment, a potent neurotoxin (produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum) is injected into a muscle to inhibit the release of neurotransmitters that cause muscle contraction.