How are movement disorders treated?
Treatment for movement disorders depends on the underlying cause. In most cases, the goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. Treatment may include:
- Botulinum toxin injection therapy (BOTOX therapy)
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Other surgeries or procedures
Medications that may be used include the following:
- Antiepileptics (e.g., carbamazepine [Tegretol], valproate [Depakote])
- Antiseizure medications (e.g., primidone [Mysoline], gabapentin [Neurontin])
- Beta-blockers (e.g., propranolol [Inderal])
- Dopamine agonists (e.g., bromocriptine [Parlodel], pergolide [Permax])
- Tranquilizers (benzodiazepines such as diazepam [Valium] and clonazepam [Klonopin])
Botulinum toxin injection therapy (BOTOX therapy) is used to treat some types of movement disorders (e.g., spasmodic torticollis, blepharospasm, myoclonus, tremor). In this treatment, a potent neurotoxin (produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum) is injected into a muscle to inhibit the release of neurotransmitters that cause muscle contraction.